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AcronymsThe entrire Lexicon in Printer friendly form
Lexicon: Star Fleet Terminology - S
S 
Safety protocolSubroutine that prevents a holographic projection system from creating harmful objects, substances or situations which may cause a user's injury or even death
Saucer Section The main hull of most federation star ships. It has the Main Bridge and most residential and science labs located in it. Saucer section can also be used as a term to describe the saucer areas of a starbase
Saucer separationDisconnection of engineering hull and main hull (saucer) of a Galaxy-class starship. Saucer separation is employed in emergency situations, e.g. in order not to endanger civilians in a battle or in case a warp core breach is inevitable. A number of other starship classes can perform saucer separation as well, however, in most cases reconnection is not possible without the facilities of a drydock
Scalpel There are three varieties to choose from, traditional cutting blades with a monomolecular edge, laser scalpels that cauterize as they cut, and nanotech scalpels that separate tissues along cellular lines without damage. Each has different uses. Laser scalpels help the surgeon because of bloodlessness, but can dazzle anyone unwary enough to look into the beam, even though the scalpel can only cut within its focal length. Monomolecular blades require no power supply and quickly slice through most matter with minimal effort. Finally, Nanotech scalpels cause minimal disruption of tissue but operate slowly. There is current research in an experimental scalpel that utilizes Transporter technology.
Self Sealing Stem BoltDevice with a self sealing stem. The bolt, once in place, emits a sealant on both sides of the object it has bolted together to create an air and moisture tight seal. Used mainly in the Bajoran farming communities on water pumps . It does have other related applications.
Self-replicating mineExplosive device, equipped with a matter/antimatter warhead and a replicator system. Deployed in a shell, the self-replicating mines are able to fill in gaps by replicating new mines. The mines were first deployed in 2373 to prevent the Jem'Hadar fleet from entering the Alpha Quadrant through the Bajoran Wormhole.
SensorCollective name for a variety of devices for gathering data about electromagnetic radiation and particles and for chemical, biological and medical analysis. External sensors are attached to the outer hull of a starship. Among them are navigational sensors which determine the ship's position and velocity and scientific sensors for astronomical observation, planetary surface analysis and remote lifeform analysis. Internal sensors are used to control life support and detect hazardous environmental conditions as well as to track potential intruders. Finally, sensors are also included in tricorders and other hand-held devices which can perform similar tasks, however, their range is limited.
Shield FrequencyValue that represents the energy of a deflector shield. Expressed in Hertz (Hz). An energy weapon(Directed beams or Torpedos) can penetrate the shield when it utilizes the same frequency as the shielding.
ShuttlebayFacility on a starship where shuttlecrafts can land, be stored and maintained. The space door is usually closed, and is replaced by a forcefield when a shuttle is about to land or to be launched. This forcefield can be penetrated by the shuttlecraft itself, while it prevents decompression of the shuttlebay. Each shuttlebay is equipped with a tractor beam generator in order to facilitate the landing procedure.
Sickbay Overhead Sensor ClusterThis is a arrangement of sensors located above the primary Bio-Bed in sickbay. It augments the sensors of the Bio-Bed, and also provides an emergency containment field to prevent contamination.
SIF Acronym for Structural Integrity Field, a system of forcefields built up around and within a starship in order to counterbalance acceleration forces and gravitational forces. The SIF actually keeps the spaceframe in one piece. Many Federation starships structures cannot sustain the gravity of a planet, and the Intrepid Class would virtually fall apart, while coming through the atmosphere without the SIF.
SimmingSimming is an online text-based role-playing game that takes place in a chat room, by e-mail or on an Internet forum. Individual games, known as sims, read like a story -- albeit one written by several people.

People who participate in sims are known as simmers or players, and are usually attracted to the game by a love of writing, the ability to develop characters, and the freedom of imagination offered by simming.

The most popular sims are based on television and movie series, such as Star Trek, Stargate, and Star Wars. These sims often break into sub-genres -- Stargate SG-1 and Star Trek: Enterprise, for example. Sims can also be set in fantasy realms, historical times, or exist in a unique universe developed by the players. Internet simulation Senate games are also popular. Sims can take place in canon universes, while others are set in parallel universes, alternate realities, or universes loosely based on canon.

To hold a sim, one only needs a few people familiar with basic simming concepts to meet online and sim together. However, to facilitate sims, a number of simming organizations have been created to hold regularly scheduled sims, train new players, and provide structure.

To learn more:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simming

Slingshot effect Time travel that occurs if a starship approaches a star at high warp and then sling shots around.
Soliton wave Method of warp travel without shipboard warp drive. The soliton wave is generated by a stationary generator on a planet and directed towards the ship in order to accelerate it to warp speed. A second wave generator at the destination is required to dissolve the wave generating a counterwave with matching frequency, phase and amplitude. The concept of the soliton wave seems to be quite similar to conventional warp propulsion, considering that a wave is nothing but a traveling field. Notwithstanding the simpler ship construction, soliton wave propulsion is questionable, since the ship is dependent on at least two wave generators, so it would only be useful for frequently used trade routes. Moreover, the wave that is hard to control once it is released and cannot be dissipated in the worst case.
Sovereign ClassAt the end of the 24th century, Starfleet commissioned the Sovereign class, a starship class equipped with the newest technology and an unusually large potential at defensive, propulsion, and scientific sensor systems, what makes this ships of this class as universally applicable as the substantially larger Galaxy class vessels. Nevertheless, the ships of the Sovereign class, which have a very elongated saucer section, were designed for enhanced functionality and performance and not for comfort and extensive fittings. Thus, these ships rarely assigned to diplomatic missions and do not support families, but are used to accomplish escort, attack, and long-distance research missions. The class is particularly well-built for these tasks because of its highly developed defensive systems and the extraordinarily fast warp drive, which is only slightly slower than the Intrepid class, which, however, is much smaller
Space Time Continuum

Spacetimes are the arenas in which all physical events take place - for example, the motion of planets around the Sun may be described in a particular type of spacetime, or the motion of light around a rotating star may be described in another type of spacetime. The basic elements of spacetime are events. In any given spacetime, an event is a unique position at a unique time. Examples of events include the explosion of a star or the single beat of a drum.A space-time is independent of any observer.[3] However, in describing physical phenomena (which occur at certain moments of time in a given region of space), each observer chooses a convenient coordinate system. Events are specified by four real numbers in any coordinate system. The worldline of a particle or light beam is the path that this particle or beam takes in the spacetime and represents the history of the particle or beam. The worldline of the orbit of the Earth is depicted in two spatial dimensions x and y (the plane of the Earth orbit) and a time dimension orthogonal to x and y. The orbit of the Earth is an ellipse in space alone, but its worldline is a helix in spacetime.The unification of space and time is exemplified by the common practice of expressing distance in units of time, by dividing the distance measurement by the speed of light.

The origins of this 20th century scientific theory began in the 19th century with fiction writers. Edgar Allan Poe stated in his essay on cosmology titled Eureka (1848) that "space and duration are one." This is the first known instance of suggesting space and time to be different perceptions of one thing. Poe arrived at this conclusion after approximately 90 pages of reasoning but employed no mathematics. In 1895, H.G. Wells in his novel, The Time Machine, wrote, "There is no difference between Time and any of the three dimensions of Space except that our consciousness moves along it." He added, "Scientific people…know very well that Time is only a kind of Space."While spacetime can be viewed as a consequence of Albert Einstein's 1905 theory of special relativity, it was first explicitly proposed mathematically by one of his teachers, the mathematician Hermann Minkowski, in a 1908 essay [1] building on and extending Einstein's work. His concept of Minkowski space is the earliest treatment of space and time as two aspects of a unified whole, the essence of special relativity. The idea of Minkowski space also led to special relativity being viewed in a more geometrical way, this geometric viewpoint of spacetime being important in general relativity too. (For an English translation of Minkowski's article, see Lorentz et al. 1952.) The 1926 thirteenth edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica included an article by Einstein titled "space-time".[2]-

Space Time Continuum info from the Wikipedia. For more information dial in Space Time Continuum in your favorite search engine or click here to go to the Wik ipedia.

Spaceframe Skeletal structure of a starship. The spaceframe of a large vessel is usually designed to provide sufficient mechanical stability while the ship is at rest in orbit or open space. Stability during acceleration by propulsion systems or gravity can only be accomplished through the SIF. Mechanical stability is a decisive obstacle when designing large structures such as a Galaxy-class starship. Simply inflating all dimensions of a smaller starship by a constant factor is not possible, considering the fact that the volume will increase by the third power and the cross-section only by the second power. Hence, a strength deficit occurs if an object is scaled up, and a strength surplus if it is scaled down
Spatial vortexWormhole-like phenomenon, crossing an expanse called 'The Void'. The vortex has since been closed.
Starbase Extensive Starfleet facility which serves for maintaining and resupplying starships, for recreation and exchange of ship crews, for research, for medical supply, as a military base, as a place for interstellar trade and for administration as well as a base of operations for the sector. Starbases are either partially located on a planet surface, most are large space stations.
StarshipDesignation for a large type of space vessel with warp drive, or any other ship capable of FTL travel
Stardate The system for time measurement commonly used in the Federation, yielding a continuous date instead of e.g. DD:MM:YY format. The stardate obviously serves as a common standard within the Federation, taking into consideration different day and year durations on different planets that would make such references useless if applied to other planets. The system of stardates refers to the Julian Date, which was introduced for easy calculation of time differences for astronomy and consists in a continuous day count. The 24th century system is quite easy, because an increase of 1000 corresponds to one year, 100 a month,10s and 1s a day. Decimals refer to hours, minutes and sometimes seconds and nano-seconds when there is a need for it
Stasis Field Generator This device is used in emergencies when a patient cannot be stabilized and requires treatment that is not immediately available. It significantly slows all biological activity within the perimeter of the field, placing the patient in a sort of suspended animation. The patient will not be aware of any passage of time while under the influence of a stasis unit, since the biochemical activity of the patient's brain is effectivelyhalted
Sub light speedSpeed lower than lightspeed.
SubspaceA domain outside normal three-dimensional space, rather than another dimension. Effects of mass/energy transition to subspace allow FTL velocities and are used by the warp drive, computer system and subspace radio. According to the ingenious subspace field law by 20th century physicist Jason Hinson, subspace is "a continuum that exists in conjunction with our own space-time continuum. Every point in our universe has a corresponding point in subspace. Also, at every point in our universe, subspace has a particular frame of reference."
Subspace fieldSpecial type of forcefield that extends into subspace and is able to change its structure or geometry. A subspace field facilitates propulsion and signal transfer. The subspace field strength is measured in cochrane units. Above a subspace field stress of 1 cochrane, the subspace field becomes a warp field, allowing FTL travel of starships and signals. Like the definition of subspace itself, the subspace field is better explained by 20th century scientist Jason Hinson. According to his law, a subspace field generator produces a subspace distortion that is counterbalanced by subspace itself, so the actual subspace field is the resulting field of both. The impact of a subspace field is that any mass within the field partially "submerges" into subspace, allowing propulsion of a starship with less energy expense.
Subspace radiation Form of radiation, emanating from subspace. Subspace Resonator - Field-manipulation device that is appearently able to create warp fields. A subspace resonator was given by the Enterprise-D crew to a disabled Romulan science vessel to make it possible for the ship to return home, although slowly.
Subspace riftIntrusion of subspace into normal space. Subspace rifts can be formed by cumulative exposure of warp field energy to certain areas of space.
Subspace RuptureLarge anomaly that attracts matter into a central vortex, the same way as a black hole does. Subspace shockwave - Powerful energy front caused by massive discharges of energy, like in explosions. The explosion of the Klingon moon Praxis formed a subspace shockwave, causing severe damage to the Klingon homeworld, as well to the USS Excelsior, who was in the neighbourhood at the time. The shockwave severely damaged the ozone layer of Qo'noS and slowly depleted the planet's oxygen resevoir, making life on Qo'noS impossible within 50 years of 2293. The Klingons found a solution for this, but have never revealed it to the Federation.
Subspace Weapon Weapon whose destructive force is based on the disruption of subspace. Subspace weapons are outlawed by the Federation because of their irreparable damage to subspace, however, the Son'a have employed such a weapon.
Surgical Support Frame Surgical Support Frames attach to Bio-Beds providing aid and assistance during surgery and emergency life support. Littered with biosensors, the SSF has a large display of the surgical area.
Symbalene Blood Burn a deadly and extremely contagious disease that could kill a Human in a few minutes. The pathogen caused the vascular lining to literally boil away. Initial symptoms included a critical rise in body temperature and blood pressure, followed by extreme pain in the extremities, rupture of capillaries, and death. Although extraordinarily contagious and capable of acting across mass populations, not even the Symbalene blood burn could kill an entire planetary population of four billion in under a week.
  
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